Is it normal for a baby to vomit?
Vomiting for babies in the first weeks of life, is very common. The vomiting occurs because the body of the baby is in the phase of development and starts to get used to the diet.
There is a difference between real vomiting and when the baby spits out a smaller amount of milk (quantity of few teaspoons).
When the baby vomits milk, the quantity then is much greater.
Vomiting is common in babies and usually goes by itself. If your baby shows no other signs of disease and normally gains weight, there’s no need to panic.
When your baby gets an attack of vomiting, it usually stops within 6-24 hours, without any need for intervention.
When you should be concerned for the baby vomiting
In the first months of life, the baby vomiting is probably caused by overheating. But after a few months, if the baby starts to vomit, it’s most likely some stomach virus, often resulting in a form of a vomiting and diarrhea.
Other causes of vomiting at babies can be cold, urinary tract infection or ear inflammation.
Vomiting at older babies can be a sign of serious illness, so visit your doctor immediately if you notice some of the following symptoms:
– Signs of dehydration: dry mouth, crying without tears, reduced frequency of urination
– If refuses to eat
– If it’s sleepy or irritable
– If it has shortness of breath
– If the belly is swollen
– If the baby continuously vomits, within half an hour after breastfeeding
– Skin rashes, which remains on the place of the skin, when you press it with your finger
– If it vomits more than 8 hours or vomits with high intensity
Sometimes at younger babies (few weeks or up to 4 months) can occur thickening of the muscle which passes the food from the stomach to the intestines. This can also cause strong food vomiting.
Traces of blood or greenish (yolk) substance in the baby vomiting
If you notice traces of blood there’s usually no cause for concern, probably it is a small damage of the blood vessels in the esophagus caused by vomiting. But it is always better to check with your doctor.
The greenish traces also must be examined, because it can sometimes mean a blockage of the intestines.
What can you do when the baby vomit
Give him to drink more fluids. From the vomiting, the baby loses body fluids and it is very important to supplement them so can avoid dehydration.
However, do not give him fruit juice or other sugary drinks. Instead, breastfeed it or give him synthetic milk (if you are not breastfeeding).
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Perhaps the doctor will prescribe you an electrolyte solution, which you will have to give to your baby every 15 minutes or half an hour.
If the baby vomiting stops after 12-24 hours you can safely return to its normal diet, but first start with lighter foods: yogurt, cereals etc. and continuously proceed further to give him larger quantities of fluids.
Try to put him asleep. While sleeping, the stomach easier empties the intestines and do so reduces the urge for vomiting.
IMPORTANT: Never try to give the baby any kind of medications against vomiting, unless they were prescribed by his doctor.