Arrhythmia – Persistent Heart Rate Enemy

 Causes of arrhythmia

Arrhythmias are often associated with conditions or events which affect the structure and function of the heart. Like for example: coronary artery disease, congestive heart failure, history of myocardial infarction, infectious myocarditis, cardiomyopathy, or congenital heart defects. There are also indirect causes and risk factors that may favor the occurrence of arrhythmias and these factors are usually preventable. For example, electrolyte imbalance and severe dehydration may favor arrhythmias, so it is particularly important to supply the body with fluid and electrolytes in situations where it threatens dehydration.

Healthy Heart

People with high blood pressure that is not well regulated can also experience arrhythmia. Obesity is a risk factor for arrhythmia and can lead to problems with the heart in several ways – from elevated blood lipid levels, blood pressure and impaired glucose tolerance. Diabetics with poorly controlled blood sugar have a higher risk of arrhythmias, especially in situations of hypoglycemia. Disorders of thyroid dysfunction can also be a trigger for the occurrence of cardiac arrhythmias.

Smoking is another bad habit that needs to be addressed in order to avoid arrhythmias. Stimulants such as alcohol and caffeine also contribute to the occurrence of arrhythmias, as well as stress and use of certain medications. Oxidative stress and insufficient amount of antioxidants in the body have an adverse effect.In this group at a higher risk are also included and professional athletes, particularly those of middle age.

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